In a never-ending quest to catch more and bigger fish, anglers have learned to embrace a multitude of baits and techniques. Hard to believe, but at one point, even the beloved, tried-and-true Texas rig was cutting edge. We've learned to flip and pitch, cast monstrous swimbaits and even rig a drop shot. And though these fishing techniques began as foreign to most of us, eventually they found their way into the bass fishing vernacular.
While most anglers have already been introduced to wacky rigging as a concept, it seems that some of the finer points of making this finesse presentation work (as well as some of the terminal tackle) haven't yet reached the masses. The wacky rig system isn't complicated, but knowing when, where and how to use it can provide you with one of the most effective fishing techniques for spawn, postspawn and even deep-structure fishing.
I would say first and foremost the wacky presentation is probably at its best during spawn and postspawn when fish move up shallow. That's because the wacky system allows you to keep the bait in the strike zone longer and it creates a lot more action with the bait. If you rig a bait straight and you twitch it once, it is going to easily move 2-3 feet away from any fish within the strike zone. With the wacky system, it creates a lot more resistance in the water. It pushes the water more and makes the worm kick, giving you a lot more movement out of it. That extra movement out of a little worm creates a lot of strikes. When you do pull it, there is so much resistance that it doesn't pull the bait forward too far. When you are trying to cast into isolated targets like pockets in the grass or back corner of a dock where you think fish are positioned, you can keep the bait there and create and lot of movement without moving it far.
Outside grasslines, pockets in reeds, docks, rock walls, wherever fish are spawning or have moved to in a postspawn situation — depending on the type of lake you're fishing — are great places for a wacky rigged soft plastic. Especially in the postspawn when bass get really lethargic and they don't want to chase bait, scaling down with a wacky worm will produce strikes for you. If you can't get bit on a 10-inch Berkley® PowerBait® Power Worm® because the fish are shallow, you can assure yourself that if you put on a Berkley PowerBait Fat Dover Crawler and just start fishing it you are going to catch fish. The technique definitely generates numbers, but when the fish are spawning is when you tend to catch bigger ones on it. It's a great way to fish the Berkley Gulp!® Sinking Minnow, a stick-style bait, or for catching spawning fish when you can't see them. Just throw a wacky rigged soft plastic in a spot where you think a fish might be spawning, give it a few twitches and let it fall. You get more reaction on the fall with a wacky rig system because it allows the baits to wiggle and vibrate a lot more.
The clearer the water the better the wacky system seems to work. Obviously, with dirtier water you're going to want something bigger like a Texas rig. The wacky rig, when not fishing thick grass or trying to get it up in the middle of a tree, is more efficient than a Texas rig.
My wacky rigging equipment consists of a 7-foot spinning rod with 8- or 10-pound Berkley Trilene® 100% Fluorocarbon line. As far as hooks go, I use a wacky rig hook: a short-shank, wide-gap hook with round bends. Just stick the hook point through the egg sac (or thickest portion) of the bait. The Fat Dover Crawler is the best worm I can think of for the wacky system because it has the most movement and displaces the most water.
For weights, I use something that was developed primarily in Japan called a Kat Rig. They created short tungsten nail weights that they insert into the nose of the baits they rig wacky style. Without a doubt that's the next generation for fishing open-water, deep structure fish. For spotted bass it's probably one of the best worm techniques that you can use when they are deep. You can fish 4- to 6-inch worms wacky rigged but you put a 3/16-ounce tungsten nail weight in it and you can fish that bait really well in 20 to 30 feet of water. The fall of the bait is so different and it wants to plane and glide and you can hop it and shake it throughout the water column. Out west, these nail weights aren't hard to find, but for the rest of the country I would suggest using the Internet if you can't find them in your region. I base the weight size on the depth of the water I want to fish. Most of the baits I use are 4-6 inches so there's not too big of a difference. The depth of the water and the speed of the fall you want will determine what size nail weight you want to use. For a super slow fall, use 1/32 ounce. To get deep, 3/16 or 1/4 ounce and heavier line will help you get the bait down there faster.
The wacky rig catches fish. It takes some experimentation and some specialized terminal tackle, but it is so effective at catching both shallow and deep fish from the spawn through fall that it is destined to be the next hot technique that makes its way to your home lake.