The first swimbait

Bernie Schultz
No, it wasn't the AC Plug. The first swimbait was the K&K Animated Minnow.

About the author

Bernie Schultz

Bernie Schultz

Bernie Schultz is an Elite Series pro and eight-time Classic qualifier. Connect with Bernie on Facebook and his website

In today's tackle market, anglers have access to all types of swimbaits ... hundreds, in fact. Some are molded from plastics; others are crafted from wood; still others combine these materials — all to form an artificial lure that can swim through the water like a live baitfish.

They obviously sell well, as virtually every tackle outlet on the planet offers them. The reason? Swimbaits catch fish!

Because of their popularity and the fact that there are so many different makes, it made me wonder who actually introduced the first swimbait and when. So I did some research, and what I found might surprise even the most knowledgeable angler.

Your Final Answer

Many of you may think it was the AC Plug or the Castaic Trout or perhaps some other more obscure brand introduced in the last 30 years or so. If so, you'd be wrong.

Try the year 1906 — January 8, 1906, to be exact.

That's when a man by the name of John D. Kreisser of Cincinnati, Ohio, applied for a patent for his "K&K Animated Minnow."

Considered the first ever jointed minnow produced in this country, Kreisser's lures were shaped from wood and featured a large metal tail fin with breakaway tandem hooks. His unique "hinging" design was eventually granted patent number 857,883 on June 25, 1907.

Although the patent drawing shows Kreisser's design as a double-jointed, hollow body lure formed from metal, none that match that description are known to exist. Of the few Animated Minnows preserved by collectors, all are made of wood and feature only two body sections.

I guess like many initial designs, the end product became something vastly different — perhaps due to production costs, material restraints or through design improvements. However it occurred, Kreisser's first production lures were shaped from wood. And thus, he is credited with designing the first "wooden animated minnow"…or, as the box papers state, "The Minnow That Swims."

Unfortunately, little is known about Kreisser or how the first K&K lures were marketed. Most knowledgeable collectors believe they were sold regionally through small distributors. Then later, as the lure gained popularity, larger wholesalers began to carry them. Among the more notable were Abbey & Imbrie and Abercrombie & Fitch.